There’s a story behind Canberra, Australia’s capital city. When the Australian colonies became a federated commonwealth in 1901, Melbourne and Sydney battled fiercely to become the capital. This protracted dispute resulted in the compromise naming of Canberra, a dusty inland farming town surrounded by bush, as national capital in 1908. Canberra is almost entirely a planned city, the result of an international design competition. Roads and neighborhoods are laid out in a wheel-and-spoke pattern, and much of Parliament House, perched at the end of a man-made lake, is buried underground. Canberra’s top cultural attraction is the National Gallery of Australia, with more than 100,000 works of art.