Prague, the Czech capital, has been a major center of Central European culture for 11 centuries, reaching its peak during the 14th century when Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, transformed the medieval city into his imperial capital, erecting landmarks like the statue-flanked Charles Bridge and enlarging the already massive Prague Castle, the world’s largest. During the 20th century, Prague was at the forefront of history, surviving the World Wars, the Soviet Bloc and the Cold War to emerge from the 1989 Velvet Revolution as one of Europe’s most beautiful and cosmopolitan cities. Today it has a buoyant, youthful spirit that’s in perfect contrast the city’s rich history.
Art, culture, and history have always been a source of pride in this ancient Czech Republic city, which at one time was the center of Bohemia. A great walking city, Prague has been architecturally prominent for centuries and is considered to have a quintessential "classic European" look. Old Town is its center, so start at Old Town Square and walk across the most famous landmark, the Charles Bridge. Make sure to get the timing right, so you can be in the square to see the Prague Astronomical Clock at City Hall do its famous hourly movements. Prague Castle is magnificent, and the Jewish Quarter is not to be missed. If you need to get souvenirs, remember, Prague has always been famous for its beautiful Bohemian glass and crystal.