Cairo is one of the world’s great cultural centers, an ancient city whose beginnings stretch back 10,000 years. With its position on the Nile River, Cairo has been an important trade, learning and artistic center for the Muslim world, and it’s now Africa’s largest city. The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities brings together more than 120,000 ancient artifacts, including the mummified remains of 27 pharaohs. After visiting the ancient Sphinx and pyramids just south of the city at Giza, experience the modern chaotic vitality at Khan el-Khalili, Cairo’s grand bazaar, where merchants sell carpets, chickens, spices, glassware and other bewildering treasures.
Egypt's ancient capital, Cairo, is one of the most fascinating, multifaceted, recognizable yet surprising places on earth. Starting with the Sphinx, the Pyramids at Giza, the wonderful Egyptian Museum, and the secrets of Old Cairo, this city probably has the largest collection of recognizable monuments and antiquities in the world. All certified guides must be trained Egyptologists, and most Western tourists book one of them for private tours of the places above which are always teeming with people as well as lesser-known places like the Alabaster Mosque and the ancient former capital city of Memphis. For souvenir shopping in fifth gear, brave the Khan el-Khalili bazaar, a famous bazaar with roots stretching back to the 14th century.