Founded in 1761 after hunters discovered a well (oil, that is), the island city of Abu Dhabi has come a long way. It is now the capital and biggest city of the United Arab Emirates with about 250,000 people.
With the largest oil and gas reserves in the United Arab Emirates, the emirate of Abu Dhabi has one of the highest per-capita incomes in the world. It has by far the most land area of the nation's seven emirates - each with its own sheik -- and is the most populous, with nearly one million people.
Port Zayed, one of the largest ports in the Persian Gulf, is in the city of Abu Dhabi, which also contains an international airport. The Abu Dhabi Free Zone is on the island of Saadiyat, seven kilometers from Abu Dhabi city.
Other attractions in the emirate of Abu Dhabi include the old oasis town of Liwa, the mountain Jebel Hafeet, the ancient tombs of Hili Gardens and Qattarah Oasis. Al Ain, a city in the eastern part of the emirate, is the site of United Arab Emirates University, the nation's only university. Al Ain also has a zoo, museum and five-star hotels.